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Home > English > NEWS AND ANALYSIS > The Supreme Court Has Made Progress. It Now Directs ‘Those Seeking Justice’ (…)

The Supreme Court Has Made Progress. It Now Directs ‘Those Seeking Justice’ to Be Put in the Dock

Sunday 26 June 2022, by Apoorvanand

The apex court judgment on Zakia Jafri’s plea has made the victims of the alleged state-sponsered violence lonely, threatening them against seeking the help of human rights workers.

Revenge for seeking justice. This is not coming from a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government. It is the Supreme Court, which calls for revenge against those who seek to pursue the cause of justice. It describes the long battle for justice fought in the courts as a nefarious design to keep the pot boiling. For some ulterior motive. And it wants them to be punished.

So, it is the Supreme court which condemns those who have the audacity to question officials. Not only that it seeks them to be put in the dock.

The court is heard by the law abiding Gujarat police and as its first response, Teesta Setalvad and Sreekumar, former DGP of the Gujarat police, are arrested promptly. Between the outrage by the court against the trouble-makers and the arrest was an interview in which the home minister of the Union government of India names the organisation of Teesta Setalvad and indicates that some officials of the state worked to defame the then state government and the chief minister.

“The Supreme Court has said that Zakia Jafri used to work at someone else’s insistence. Many victims’ affidavits were signed by the NGO. Everyone knew Teesta Setalvad’s NGO was doing it. The UPA government helped Teesta Setalvad’s NGO a lot, the whole of Lutyens Delhi knows it. This was solely done to target Modiji, to tarnish his image,” he said.

It seems that the interview and the work on the first information report (FIR) by an officer of the Gujarat police naming Teesta, Sreekumar and Sanjiv Bhatt were going on simultaneously. What else explains the knock on the doors of Teesta and Sreekumar within hours of the airing of the interview.

It is not only the home minister who infantilised Zakia Jafri but the Supreme Court itself which suggests that she did not have an independent mind and had been tutored by Teesta and others as they had to settle scores with the then chief minister of Gujarat.

Zakia Jafri – wife of late Ehsan Jafri, who was burnt to death when the Gulberg Society in Ahmedabad, where he lived, was attacked by a mob on February 28, 2002, the first day of the violence targetting Muslims – ran from court to court asking for justice. She pleaded that the murder, which was part of the larger violence, could not have been possible without a conspiracy. In 2012, the Special Investigation Team gave a clean chit to the state government and rubbished the allegation of a conspiracy by Zakia Jafri.

Not satisfied, Zakia returned to the court pleading for a fresh investigation. It is this plea which has now been thrown into the dustbin by the court. Not only that, it said that she was not doing it on her own. She was being prompted by “the protagonists of quest for justice sitting in a comfortable environment in their air-conditioned office may succeed in connecting failures of the state administration at different levels during such horrendous situation, little knowing or even referring to the ground realities and the continual effort put in by the duty holders in controlling the spontaneous evolving situation unfolding aftermath mass violence across the state.”

Note the mention of the “air conditioned office.” One hopes the lordships had not switched off their ACs while writing this judgment to be more honest or sincere. This remark reminds one of the warning that the present prime minister had issued before a gathering of the judges in April, 2015. He had told them to be wary of five-star activists: “It is easy to deliver judgments based on the law and the Constitution. There is a need to be cautious against perception-driven verdicts… perceptions are often driven by five star activists.”

The prime minister had said that courts fear these activists and hence cannot judge independently. With the arrest of Teesta and others, felicitated by the highest court, he must be a contented man today. The courts have truly become fearless. They have developed the courage to direct the state to arrest the people seeking justice.

Zakia Jafri could not have pursued this course alone. The lordships have to ask Bilkis Bano, who had to fight for 15 years to get justice after she was gang-raped while fleeing attack by the Hindutva-driven mobs in 2002. She had to leave her state, keep changing her address.Her case was transfered out of Gujarat as the then judiciary felt that impartiality could not be ensured in her state.

Why was this the judicial understanding then? Even if we accept what the apex court believes that the violence was spontaneous and there was no state-backed conspiracy behind it, what explains the reluctance of the state to secure justice for the wronged. How do they see the campaign by the then chief minister of the state in the form of a ‘Gaurav Yatra’ after the violence to lead his constituents into a state of denial that the violence had happened? Why did he try to persuade them that those who were talking about it and seeking justice were in fact defaming the people of Gujarat?

Why did the Supreme Court feel compelled in 2004 to compare the state authorities of Gujarat with Nero? While discussing the Best Bakery case, it had said: “The modern day Neroes were looking elsewhere when Best Bakery and innocent children were burning, and were probably deliberating how the perpetrators of the crime can be protected.”

It is a fact and no ruling from any court can erase that murder and violence was allowed to happen. Ehsan Jafri was not an ordinary Muslim. He had been a member of the parliament of India, a prominent politician of the state. It was this reputation which made many Muslims assume that if they took shelter in his home, they could be saved from the crowd.

The mob surrounded the society. According to Zakia Jafri, the former MP called everybody he could and that included the then chief minister to do something to prevent violence. Even then the society was attacked, burnt and he was dragged out, butchered and killed.

Just before his killing, a senior police officer had met him but after his departure violence took place. Jafri was murdered. Was it as spontaneous as the court innocently believes and wants us to trust its judgment?

Zakia Jafri decided to fight for justice. She knew what she was up against. But she could not have taken forward this struggle alone. That is where the role of activists like Teesta becomes crucial. As said before, ask Bilkis, ask the victims of the Best Bakery, Naroda Patiya and numerous other mass killings, could they have done it alone? Without the support from the human rights activists?

What the present Supreme Court has done is unpardonable. It has made the victims of the alleged state-sponsored violence lonely. It has issued a threat that they cannot seek the help of the human right workers. And it has warned the human right workers: do your work at your own risk.

It has put all human right workers in danger. It seeks to put those in the dock who have, in its own words, the “audacity” to ‘question the integrity of every functionary’ when seeking their accountability.

In every case of such violence, whether in Mumbai, Bhivandi, Bhagalpur, Nellie, Delhi and many other cases, had it not been the support of the human rights activists and organisations, the victims would not even have thought of standing against the might of a vindictive state.

It was earlier the state which sought revenge against those who stood up to its wrongdoing and crimes. But now the Supreme Court has become vengeful. Some progress, we must say.

Apoorvanand teaches Hindi at Delhi University.


Editor: Please sign the following petition in support of Teesta Setalvad and all human rights activists in India.